Subject:秦雌漢雄 Qin Overload and Han Emperor
Posted By: Super Tue, Dec 12, 2017
The four Chinese characters on the wine cup in your second picture, from right to left are:
秦 (first character) stands for the Qin dynasty (221 - 206 BC)
漢 (third character) stands for the Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD)which was the dynasty immediately after the Qin dynasty
雌 (second character) - refers to female and 雄 (fourth character) refers to male; in this case, they referred to sacred birds, female and male.
This originated from:
This originally refers to 雉 which is a wild pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
During the time of 秦文公 (716 BC)it was rumored that
who every caught a female pheasant, he would become the overlord and whoever caught a male pheasant and would become a king.
Therefore this basically describes the Qin Shihuang in the Qin dynasty and the Emperor Gaozu of Han (Chinese: 漢高祖;) in the Han dynasty who overthrown the Qin dynasty and founded the Han dynasty.
Hope this helps.