Questions Regarding the Word Mudra: A Preliminary Survey of Gestures on Indian Icons and their Designation

Fig. 3: Buddhist Triad with Śākyamuni
c. 1000
India: Bihar, Gaya Region
26 ¾ x 17 1/8 in (67.9 x 43.5 cm).

The Norton Simon Foundation.

Śākyamuni's right hand in the earth-touching gesture, a response to Mara's challenge. The two small Bodhisattva attendants make the raised palm gesture.