In the Khasa Malla Tradition
A Thangka of Vikram Shahi (r. 1602-1631) King of Jumla

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Figure 6: Female figure (donor or Prajñāpāramitā ?)
Queen as the Goddess Prajnaparamita
gilt copper
West Nepal/West Tibet
mid-14th century
20.5 cm
Freer Gallery of Art
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment Collection
Accession Number:  F1986.23
Photo: Freer Gallery of Art

Detail 1: another view, published on; Freer Gallery of Art
Detail 2: Photo of inscription on front of base Freer Gallery of Art

Inscribed on front of base: yum (in Tibetan) = “mother” yum chenmo, “great mother” refers to Prajnaparamita; dīpamālā kṛti (in Devanāgari) = “made by Dīpamālā“

Published References:

Pratapaditya Pal. 1969, The Art of Tibet. New York and Greenwich, Connecticut. cat. 51. p. 92
Ulrich von Schroeder. 1982 Indo-Tibetan Bronzes. Hong Kong. cat. 90b, p. 348.
Ian Alsop. “Metal Sculpture of the Khasa Malla Kingdom of West Nepal/West Tibet”. Orientations vol. 25, no. 6 Hong Kong, June 1994
Pratapaditya Pal. 2003, Himalayas: An Aesthetic Adventure. Chicago. p. 22, fig. 2.
Amy Heller. 2009, Hidden Treasures of the Himalayas: Tibetan Manuscripts, Paintings and Sculptures of Dolpo. Chicago. pp. 217-218, fig. 162.